Carried out the diagnosis on Interprofessional Education in Health in the Dominican Republic

During February 28 and March 1, 2019, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MESCYT) of the Dominican Republic, with the support of the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO / WHO) held the 1st National Workshop on Interprofessional Education (IPE) in Health. The event is part of the set of initiatives in the country for the implementation of the IPE in the national education and health policy, in accordance with the plan presented to PAHO / WHO.

The objectives of the workshop were:

  1. Present the conceptual and methodological aspects of the IPE, as well as, share experiences of other countries and present proposals for application of the IPE in the university environment.
  2.  Apply the tool: "Diagnosis of situation and perspectives on experiences in interprofessional education in institutions of higher education that provide careers in the area of health in the Dominican Republic.”

The workshop was attended by Dr. Rafael González - Deputy Minister of MESYCT, Dr. Bienvenido Peña - Director of Medical Residences of the Ministry of Public Health and Dr. Alma Morales - Representative of the PAHO / WHO in the Dominican Republic, who highlighted the importance of implement the IPE as a response to the health needs of the country and participate actively in this global movement of change in the education of the health professions.

Seven of the eight invited universities, represented by their Deans and other academic leaders, participated in this meeting. Those who had at least two careers in the health area were selected for this meeting. The universities were: Central Eastern University; Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (UASD); Universidad Euromerican (UNIBE); National University Pedro Henríquez Ureña (UNPHU); Eugenio María de Hostos University (UNIREMHOS); Technological University of Santiago (UTESA) and Catholic University Madre y Maestra (PUCMM).

The meeting was organized by Dr. Rosa Adelina Céspedes - Head of the Department of Medical Education of MESCYT and Dr. Hernán Rodríguez - Advisor of Systems and Health Services of PAHO / WHO and had a panel  international with experts in IPE ( Dr. José Rodrigues of PAHO / WHO - Washington / USA, Dr. Eva Icarán of Spain, Dr. Cláudia Brandão of Brazil and Dr. Eduardo Tobar of Chile), where the following topics were discussed:

  • The IPE as an approach to respond to the needs of health care.
  • The IPE and the management of health teams.
  • Status of the IPE in the Region of the Americas.
  • IPE experiences in Chile, Brazil and Spain, with proposals and suggestions for the institutions that contemplate implementing an IPE plan.

Working groups were organized to discuss some IPE keys to Dominican Republic:

  • How can the IPE be implemented in the Dominican Republic?
  • What actors are necessary to involve applying the IPE in the Dominican Republic?
  • What are the benefits of applying the IPE to advance toward Universal Health?

The baseline tool on IPE experiences in Higher Education was completed by the universities, as a first step to know the initial situation, and with the commitment to advance in the implementation of effective programs within the current degrees. In them, as recognized in the working groups, there are already subjects where they develop or can develop IPE skills such as collaborative work, interpersonal communication for a more collaborative health practice, or recognition of interprofessional roles. The role of continuous and permanent training was recognized as an important aspect to be addressed for the implementation of the IPE.

The workshop was very positively valued by all attendees as a first step for the establishment of a future National IPE Network in the Dominican Republic and the fulfillment of the IPE plan of the country proposed to PAHO/WHO in 2018.

Presentations

Situación de la EIP en la Región de las Américas
  Dr. José Rodrigues Freire, Consultor en RHS en Salud OPS/OMS Washington
Programa de Educación Interprofesional en formación continuada
  Dra. Eva María Icarán Francisco, Vicedecana de la Facultad de Ciencias Biomédicas y de la Salud de la Universidad Europea de Madrid, España
Educación Interprofesional en Chile
  Dr. Eduardo Tobar, Director Académico, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile
Educación Interprofesional en Brasil
  Dra. Cláudia Brandão, Brasil
Instrumento Educación Interprofesional en República Dominicana
  Dra. Rosa Adelina Céspedes, Departamento de Educación Médica, Ministerio de Educación Superior, Ciencia y Tecnología (MESCYT) de República Dominicana